Descent groups and kindred groups

In most societies it is the principal institution for the socialization of children. As the basic unit for raising children, Anthropologists most generally classify family organization as matrifocal a mother and her children ; conjugal a husband, his wife, and children; also called nuclear family ; avuncular a brother, his sister, and her children ; or extended family in which parents and children co-reside with other members of one parent's family.

Descent groups and kindred groups

The Modern Age of the Aga Khans: Inevitably, this means that many of the Imams had to conceal themselves from the public for their own safety and continuation of the Imamat lineage. However, as you will see, there are historical sources testifying to the specific existence of the more clandestine Imams as well.

I am the forty-ninth Imam after him. I swear by the Lord that I know fully well all the messages of God that the Holy Prophet may the peace of God be upon him and his descendants has received, the ways of fulfilment of promises made by God and of all the knowledge that science or philosophy could disclose.

We, the progeny of the Holy Prophet may the peace of God be upon him and his descendantsare the doors through which real wisdom and true knowledge will reach mankind: Sermons, letters and saying of Hazrat Ali, tr.

Abi Talib was the first cousin of the Prophet Muhammad — their fathers were brothers and they had the same grandfather.

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Today, all living descendants of Prophet Muhammad trace their ancestry back to al-Hasan or al-Husayn. Verily, I am leaving behind two matters amrayn among you — Descent groups and kindred groups you follow them the two you will never go astray. Historical Sources mentioning this Imam: Their History and Doctrines, ; Arzina R.

He graced him with prophethood and chose him for His message. After he had warned His servants and informed them of what he had been sent with, God took him for Himself.

When Yazid succeeded as Caliph, he sought to gain the allegiance of Imam al-Husayn to legitimize his succession but the Imam refused to do so. Meanwhile, the people of Kufa invited Imam al-Husayn to lead them.

The Imam and his close family and companions were journeying from Makkah to Kufa and were intercepted by the Umayyad armies sent by Yazid and surrounded at the plains of Karbala.

After cutting off their water supply for several days, the Umayyad armies engaged the Imam and his supporters in battle. Outnumbered by an army of over twenty thousand men, Imam al-Husayn, his family, and supporters were inhumanly massacred and martyred in what became known as the Battle of Karbala.

He was exempt from giving allegiance to Yazid and stayed with his family in Madinah. On one occasion, this Imam went to Makkah for pilgrimage. This is the son of Husayn and the grandson of Fatimah the daughter of the Apostle through whom the darkness dispersed.

This is he whose ability the valley of Mecca recognizes, He is known by the Sacred House and the Holy sanctuary and the lands outside the sanctuary. The prayers in this text also speak to the concept of Imamat, such as the supplication below: O God, surely Thou hast confirmed Thy religion in all times with an Imam whom Thou hast set up as a guidepost to Thy servants and lighthouse in Thy lands, after his cord has been joined to Thy cord!

Thou hast appointed him the means to Thy good pleasure, made obeying him obligatory, cautioned against disobeying him, and commanded following his commands, abandoning his prohibitions, and that no forward-goer go ahead of him or back-keeper keep back from him!

Painting by Qasim Ali, ca. We are the tongue as well as the Face of God; we are the Eyes of God [guarding] His creation and we are the Guardians of the Divine Command wulat al-amr on earth.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, Arzina R.

Descent groups and kindred groups

In the midst of these counter-claimants to authority, Imam al-Baqir taught the key concepts of the formalized doctrine of Imamat: Imam al-Baqir was also highly respected in Sunni Muslim scholarly circles and many Sunni hadith narrators transmitted hadiths from al-Baqir: Imam al-Baqir also gave many esoteric and spiritual teachings on metaphysics and cosmology.

Their History and Doctrines, Arzina R. It is because of us that God is known and because of us that He is worshipped. Without God, we would not be known, and without us, God would not be known.

Their History and Doctrines, 6.Double Descent: a system whereby two sets of social groups or categories exist (for different purposes) in the same society, one based on patrilineal descent and the other on matrilineal descent (so a person belongs to his/her father's patrilineal group and his/her mother's matrilineal group).

Descent groups, as well as many other kinship structures, function as primary groups, i.e., institutions which normally recruit personnel by the criterion of inherited status.

In this capacity, the group's unity and character reflect bonds formed upon common origin and identity and and are concerned with the general welfare of the membership. The Holy Quran Speaks about. Ahlul Bayt. Sources for this chapter.

The Holy Quran, English Commentary, Yusuf Ali. The Holy Quran, English Commentary, Mir Ahmad Ali. s noted in the Introduction, our intent was to continue to add to our collection of quote is the third such addition and includes assorted quote mines that do not share any unifying "theme," as did our previous additions: Darwin Quotes and Gould, Eldredge and Punctuated Equilibria Quotes.

Since these quotes are not from a single source, as was the case in the original Quote Mine. Chapter 10 Kinship Anthropology. STUDY. PLAY. Kinship Defined Most common unilineal descent group - A man, his children, his brother's children, and his son's children all members of same descent group - kindred groups cannot perform the same functions such as joint ownership of property, common economic activities, .

Desines demonstrated and stipulated descent; lineages, and clans; looks at descent units and groups; defines the attributes of corporate kin groups Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.

The Aga Khan’s Direct Descent from Prophet Muhammad: Historical Proof – Ismaili Gnosis