March, Fact Sheet: Should pending massage licensing legislation be enacted this year in Idaho, Montana, and Pennsylvania, reflexology will be excluded in the resulting laws.
Online June Volume 69 Strong Readers All Summarize to Get the Gist John Collins The 10 percent summary strategy costs little in teacher time, and it prepares students for the common core state standards in literacy.
As schools prepare for the common core state standards in literacy, they'll be confronted with two challenges: A teacher's response to these challenges might be to lead class discussions about complex reading or assign regular in-class argument essays. Yet the reality is that after discussing a difficult article with a class of 20 or more students, even the most engaging teacher cannot guarantee that every student will understand it.
Meanwhile, one would be hard-pressed to find an English teacher who has not inwardly cringed at the thought of having to routinely grade stacks of in-class essays.
Some teachers may even neglect to assign such essays, wanting to avoid the work that follows. I would argue that frequent written summaries of complex texts are a great way to develop students' reading comprehension and argument-writing skills, while minimizing the time the teacher spends correcting.
Let's look at the benefits of this strategy as well as how the process works. The Plusses of Summary Writing It Requires Active Reading If a teacher asks students to not only read but also summarize an article, the students will have to give that article more than a cursory glance.
Summary writing hinges on the student's ability to parse main ideas from supporting details and paraphrase those main ideas—two essential skills for reading comprehension and argument writing. It Builds Background Knowledge No longer will students be able to rely on personal experience alone to support their positions.
The common core state standards explicitly state that students will be required to write "arguments focused on discipline-specific content. For example, take Charles C. The Americas of Atheneum Books,a nonfiction text recommended by the common core for grades 9— When students read a section about the importance of maize, having them write a summary of the section will help them attend to the author's point: The development of maize was a great achievement.
Later, if called on to write an argument about notable global achievements, the students will most likely recall this point about maize because of the effort they expended in producing their summaries. It Shows Students How to Craft an Argument Students need to know how to read arguments before they can learn how to write them.
Summarizing well-written arguments familiarizes students with rhetorical strategies—such as problem and solution, claim and counterclaim, and reference to authority rather than personal opinion—that are common to persuasive essays. Further, if students routinely summarize articles in a variety of subjects, they'll learn how to construct arguments in each discipline.
For example, arguments in science are often based on controlled experiments, whereas arguments in the humanities are often based on expert opinion and appeal to authority.
It's Easy to Grade Because a summary is shorter and requires less analysis than a fully developed essay, the assignment is faster and simpler to grade, especially with the focus-correcting strategy I describe below. For all these reasons, summary writing is an essential building block for both reading comprehension and argument writing.
What a Good Summary Entails Ask 20 teachers how they'd define or assign a summary, and you'll hear 20 different approaches. Summaries can take many forms, from graphic organizers to two-column notes.
The 10 Percent Summary My personal recommendation is a model I call the 10 percent summary, which requires students to write in complete sentences and in paragraph form.
Unlike a summary presented in a graphic organizer, this approach pushes students to improve their writing and research skills. For example, students must cite their sources in the proper form; decide which lines if any from the article to quote; know how to use relevant vocabulary words in context; and correctly use specific writing conventions—such as proper use of the comma with quotes or an ellipsis.The Agenda-setting theory of mass media is supposed to explain the house style of Broadcast medium (radio) and emphasize on the event as the listening audience are influenced to .
For example, a teacher might assign 20 points to the topic sentence ("T"SAT); 60 points to the three or four main ideas written in the student's own words; and 20 points to four vocabulary words that the student has used correctly and underlined.
Or the teacher might assign 20 points to the topic sentence, 50 points to the three or four main ideas, and 30 points to two well-selected and correctly punctuated .
When you’re writing a press release, samples can be hard to find and replicate. While press releases are an essential part of online marketing and digital communication, they’re tough to write, and few people understand their structure.
Get The Gist Get the Gist - Summarising Purpose of the ‘Get the Gist’ strategy: ‘Get the Gist’ (Cunningham, ) is an acronym for Generating Interactions between Schemata and Texts.
It is summarising strategy. Want to write the perfect first blog post? Click to read and you’ll get 16,word guide, 57 best ideas and insanely practical tips from 65 bloggers. Stevey's Google Platforms Rant. I was at Amazon for about six and a half years, and now I've been at Google for that long.
One thing that struck me immediately about the two companies -- an impression that has been reinforced almost daily -- is that Amazon does .