The Indus Valley Civilisation was also named as the Harappan civilisation after Harappathe first of its sites to be excavated in the s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India. The Kulli culture of Balochistan, of which more than settlement sites are known, can be regarded as a local variant of the IVC, or a related culture. The geography of the Indus Valley put the civilisations that arose there in a highly similar situation to those in Egypt and Peruwith rich agricultural lands being surrounded by highlands, desert, and ocean. Recently, Indus sites have been discovered in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as well.
It is one of the three oldest urban civilizations, along with Egypt and Mesopotamia, but it is the least understood.
As well as its unknown script, the knowledge of social structures and life during that period is scant. The undeciphered Indus script is carved in part with human and animal depictions and pictographic signs on soapstone seals, terracotta tablets and some on metal.
Researchers are unsure which language was being written down in the Indus script, or even if it would be possible for such brief inscriptions to represent a complete language system.
Many scholars have proposed plausible Dravidian meanings for a few groups of characters based on Old Tamil, although none of these 'translations' has gained universal acceptance.
The longest has Robinson said that theory is unlikely. Researchers into the Indus script hope someday to find a thunderbolt similar to the Rosetta Stone, which had both previously undeciphered hieroglyphics and their translation into ancient Greek, which helped a great deal in unraveling the ancient Egyptian script.
Less than 10 percent of the known Indus Valley sites oversquare miles in northwest India and Pakistan have been excavated, so there is still much to discover about the civilization and decoding its script may help unravel much of the mystery surrounding this large and powerful culture.
What the script could teach us about the Indus Valley civilization would be invaluable. Scholars say the apparent first Indian civilization left no evidence of having made war and compare the civilization to ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt in complexity. For some reason, the civilization flourished from just BC to BC and then declined and ended.
It was not until almost 4, years later, when Indian and British archaeologists discovered ruins that it came to be known again.
|Indus River Valley Civilizations||Indus Valley Civilization Map click to see in atlas Overview The Indus Valley civilization of ancient India was one of the earliest civilizations in world history. It was located in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, and its rise and fall form the first great chapter in the history of ancient India.|
Hinduism possibly had its genesis in the Indus Valley of so many centuries ago. Today we know them by the names Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, on the Indus River and one of its tributaries, respectively.
These cities had planned streets and drainage systems. The people made fine jewelry and had a complex system of weights and measures.
They also had toilets before any other known civilization in the world. A collection of tablets displaying Indus Valley script.Life in the Ancient Indus River Valley (Peoples of the Ancient World (Paperback)) [Hazel Richardson] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This book is intended for ages The Indus River Valley was once home to thriving communities of peoples who worked the land now known as Pakistan. Some of the world's oldest civilisations.
The Indus script (also known as the Harappan script) is a corpus of symbols produced by the Indus Valley Civilisation during the Kot Diji and Mature Harappan periods between and BCE.
Most inscriptions containing these symbols are extremely short, making it difficult to judge whether or not these symbols constituted a script used to record a language, or even symbolise a writing system.
The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to BCE.
Farming settlements began around BCE. HISTORY OF WRITING including The first writing, Evolution of a script, Cuneiform, Hieroglyphs and papyrus, Seals of the Indus valley, Chinese characters. Nov 19, · During the Harappans (Indus River civilization) they spoke alanguage that is now unknown for today.
Archaeologist couldn'tdecipher its language because of the lack of evidence providedthere which. Mar 29, · While most people are familiar with the Aztecs and the Maya of Mesoamerica, the people known as the Zapotec remain relatively obscure.
Among the first people in the area to use agricultural and writing systems, they also built one of the earliest recognized cities in North America—Monte rutadeltambor.comd in the fifth century B.C., the city was home to a maximum of 25, citizens and lasted .