Appendix 3—Overseas developments Introduction Same-sex marriage has been on the political agenda in Australia for several years, as part of the broader debate about the legal recognition of same-sex relationships. The expansion of legal rights and protections afforded to same-sex couples in Australia is well developed at both federal and State level. For example, legislation now exists in four States and the Australian Capital Territory that provides for the legal recognition of relationships that may include same-sex unions. While there are fewer and fewer rights and obligations attached to married couples which do not attach to de facto couples — a status currently encompassing same-sex couples in most legal contexts— supporters of gay rights argue this is not enough.
Decriminalization of Domestic Violence Russia decriminalized nonaggravated battery in July of and made it an administrative offense punishable by a fine or detention. However, repeated battery and battery committed against close relatives remained punishable under the Criminal Code.
Russia amended the Criminal Code once again in February of and removed the provision regarding assaulting close relatives from the article on nonaggravated battery. As a result, violence committed against family members has also been made an administrative offense.
Only repeated instances of battery are now prosecuted as criminal offenses and punishable by criminal law.
June Decriminalization of Narcotics This report provides a review of laws adopted in 16 countries with regard to legalization, decriminalization, or other forms of regulation of narcotics and other psychoactive substances.
Individual country surveys included in this study demonstrate varied approaches to the problem of prosecuting drug use, possession, manufacturing, purchase, and sale.
A report on the pending charges discusses the potential penalties for those charges and the applicable burden of proof. A status update is provided discussing the current status of the charges, investigations, and trials. June ; June Egypt: Mohammed Morsi Trial On June 30,millions of Egyptians took to the streets to protest what they considered the failed policies of former president Mohammed Morsi and on July 3 the army removed the president from power to stand trial on criminal charges.
This report provides a brief overview of the trial, which began on September 1, It discusses the alleged facts of the case, the charges Morsi faces, and sanctions that could be imposed on Morsi and his aides unders the Egyptian Penal Code if they are convicted.
Sexual Violence Against Women Violence against women has been a significant social and legal problem in Egypt for decades. The two main legislative instruments protecting women from sexual violence are the Egyptian Constitution of and the Criminal Code of and its amendments.
The Egyptian Constitution of not only preserved the rights granted to women by previous Egyptian Constitutions but also introduced more rights aimed at protecting women from other forms of violence and discrimination.
Another reform that was introduced was bargaining between the defendant and the prosecutor. In addition, the scope of evidence that must be disclosed in trials was expanded, and new measures to protect witnesses and victims were introduced.
It includes information regarding the legality of khat in each jurisdiction and, where it is banned, the applicable penalties. According to applicable tax laws or secondary sources, khat appears to be legal in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Yemen, but is banned in Jordan.
|Introduction||Many critics of legislation that defines marriage as exclusively between a male and female end up asserting that the underlying and sometimes only foundation of this position is animus, hostility, or moral opprobrium towards homosexuals and homosexual activity.|
Its status in Turkey, where it is categorized as a controlled substance, is unclear. Whereas it is legal under Turkish law to produce, sell, import, and export khat with a license, it appears that consumption of the substance is banned.
May Miranda Warning Equivalents Abroad This report contains short summaries describing warnings similar to the Miranda warning that are required in jurisdictions around the globe.
The warnings specified in the surveyed jurisdictions vary, but typically include the right to remain silent and the right to legal counsel. A number of countries also specify that a person who is arrested or detained has the right to be informed of the reasons for the arrest or detention or of the charges being brought.
In some countries, the additional right to have these things explained in a language the detainee understands is explicitly stated. Countries surveyed that have no Miranda-type warning were not included. May Police Weapons in Selected Jurisdictions This report examines the weapons and equipment generally at the disposal of law enforcement officers in several countries around the world.
It also provides, for each of these countries, a brief overview of the rules governing the use of weapons by law enforcement officers. Each state and territory has its own legislation that regulates sports betting. Gambling in Great Britain is permitted and regulated by the Gambling Act Internet gambling operations fall within the purview of the Act if one piece of equipment related to online gambling is located within Great Britain.Same-Sex Marriage Debate (Question 10) In Fall , the Undergraduate Fellows enrolled in the Law, Religion, and Liberty of Conscience Seminar interviewed experts about the role of conscience in American life, law and politics.
Jennifer Wriggins,Marriage Law and Family Law: Autonomy, Interdependence and Couples of the Same Gender, 41B.C.L. Rev COUPLES OF THE SAME GENDER JENNIFER WRIGGINS* Abstract: Contemporary family law and marriage law in the United States have been criticized by communitarian scholars and others as being too fo- SAME SEX MARRIAGE: FROM.
Within American Protestantism and even within the same denominations, there are radically opposed interpretations of the place of homosexuality, along with a series of other contemporary issues.
One need only think of Jesse Jackson and Jerry Falwell, both Baptists, . Nikta Kalatari Writing Assignment #1 The proposead legalization of same-sex marriage is one of the most significant issues in contemporary American family law.
Presently, it is one of the most vigorously advocated reforms discussed in law reviews, one of the most explosive political questions facing lawmakers, and one of the most provocative.
This report provides an overview of the contemporary LGB-parent family transgender parenting raises a different set of issues than LGB parenting, and thus we refer the reader Relationship of children under age 18 to householder (person 1) in same-sex couple households, American Community Survey.
LGB-LGB-parent families. Contemporary marriage law is virtually silent about how couples must interact with each other.
A constitutional right to plural marriage is shorthand for giving people as much discretion as possible to customize their marital arrangements. Although the interdisciplinary literature on same-sex marriage and the family generally is.