This combination triggered an explosion of creativity. Great 20th century artists and theorists such as Andre Breton, Hans Hoffman and Andy Warhol, among others, were ardent collectors of American Indian art.
The urgent need for social and religious reform that began to manifest itself from the early decades of the 19th century arose in response to the contact with Western culture and education. The weakness and decay of Indian society was evident to educated Indians who started to work systematically for their removal.
They were no longer willing to accept the traditions, beliefs and practices of Hindu society simply because they had been observed for centuries. The change that took place in the Indian social scenario is popularly known as the Renaissance.
The central figure of this cultural awakening was Raja Rammohan Roy. He was moved by deep love for the country and worked throughout his life for the social, religious, intellectual and political regeneration of the Indians.
Rammohan Roy was born in in Radhanagar, a small village in Bengal. He was a great scholar Roy who mastered several languages including English, Latin, Greek and Hebrew. InRammohan Roy settled in Calcutta and dedicated his life to the cause of social and religious reform.
As a social reformer, Rammohan Roy fought relentlessly against social evils like sati, polygamy, child marriage, female infanticide and caste discrimination. He organised a movement against the inhuman custom of sati and helped William Bentinck to pass a law banning the practice It was the first successful social movement against an age-old social evil.
Rammohan Roy was one of the earliest propagators of modern Western education. He looked upon it as a major instrument for the spread of modern ideas in the country. He was associated with the foundation the Hindu College in Calcutta which later came to be known as the Presidency College.
He also maintained at his own cost an English school in Calcutta. In addition, he established a Vedanta College where both Indian learning and Western social and physical science courses were offered. He sent petitions to the government to adopt a wider system of public education in English.
He also recognised the importance of vernaculars for spreading new ideas. He compiled a Bengali grammar and developed an easy and modern style of Bengali prose. Rammohan Roy was a pioneer of Indian journalism.
He himself published journals in Bengali, Persian, Hindi and English to educate the public on various current issues. Samvad Kaumudi was the most important journal brought out by him. Rammohan Roy and Internationalism: Rammohan Roy was a firm believer in internationalism.
He held that the suffering and happiness of one nation should affect the rest of the world. He took a keen interest in international events and always supported the cause of liberty and nationalism. He celebrated the success of the revolution in Spain in by hosting a public dinner.
Rammohan Roy struggled persistently against social evils. He argued that ancient Hindu texts the Vedas and the Upanishads upheld the doctrine of monotheism.The nineteenth century witnessed a cultural, religious and literary resurgence in India- the Indian Renaissance.
It was a period of great social, cultural and political change. The Europeans, especia.
The 19th century Bangla literature is not a product of the continuous on-going literary tradition of the land, if we for a moment not consider the socio-political changes of the 19th century and the conquest of Bengal in the late 18th century by the British East India Company.
Essay on 19th Century Advancements. in the 19th century which was an era of great changes on evolution. Most importantly the 19th century was a time of development in fields on mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology that lay the ground work for the technological advances of the 20th century.
The Brahmo Samaj and Arya Samaj were two important institutions that developed in 19th-century India against existing social practices. The impact of the West resulted in . Renaissance in India was a story of reviving India's past as well as intrusion of west.
It was a movement which faced the triangular challenges of the past, the modern and the alien. The reformers did not altogether discard the past. Essays About Press Publications Contact AMERICAN RENAISSANCE 19th Century Plains Indian Art (Online Exhibition ->) The Native American artist in the 19th century encountered a transformation of living conditions as well as increased access to a wide variety of art materials.
This combination triggered an explosion of creativity.