Etymology[ edit ] Eleusinian Mysteries Greek: The name of the city Eleusis is Pre-Greek, and may be related with the name of the goddess Eileithyia. He took her to his underworld kingdom.
Etymology[ edit ] Eleusinian Mysteries Greek: The name of the city Eleusis is Pre-Greek, and may be related with the name of the goddess Eileithyia.
According to the hymn, Demeter's daughter Persephone also referred to as Kore, "maiden" was assigned the task of painting all the flowers of the earth, when she was seized by Hadesthe god of the underworld. He took her to his underworld kingdom. Distraught, Demeter searched high and low for her daughter.
Because of her distress, and in an effort to coerce Zeus to allow the return of her daughter, she caused a terrible drought in which the people suffered and starved.
This would have deprived the gods of sacrifice and worship. As a result, Zeus relented and allowed Persephone to return to her mother. In one she taught the secrets of agriculture to Triptolemus. Zeus, pressed by the cries of the hungry people and by the other deities who also heard their anguish, forced Hades to return Persephone.
However, it was a rule of the Fates that whoever consumed food or drink in the Underworld was doomed to spend eternity there. Before Persephone was released to Hermes, who had been sent to retrieve her, Hades tricked her into eating pomegranate seeds, either six or four according to the telling which forced her to return to the underworld for some months each year.
She was obliged to remain with Hades for six or four months one month per seed and lived above ground with her mother for the rest of the year.
This left a long period of time when Demeter was unhappy due to Persephone's absence, neglecting to cultivate the earth. When Persephone returned to the surface, Demeter became joyful and cared for the earth again. If one supposes that Persephone stayed with Hades for four months and Demeter eight months, corresponding to eight months of growth and abundance to be followed by four months of no productivity,  the parallel with the Mediterranean climate of ancient Greece can be seen.
The four months during which Persephone is with Hades correspond to the dry Greek summer, a period during which plants are threatened with drought.
This reading of the ritual, however, does not square with the central foundation document of the mystery, the Homeric Hymn to Demeter linewhere Persephone is explicitly said to return in the spring of the year, not the fall: Some findings in the temple Eleusinion in Attica suggest that their basis was an old agrarian cult.
In the Homeric Hymn is mentioned the palace of the king Keleos. Such cults include the mysteries of Isis and Osiris in Egypt, the Adoniac of Syrian cults, the Persian mysteries, and the Phrygian Cabeirian mysteries.
The megaron of Despoina at Lycosura is quite similar with the Telesterion of Eleusis,  and Demeter is united with the god Poseidonbearing a daughter, the unnamable Despoina the mistress. The main theme was the ascent of Persephone and the reunion with her mother Demeter.The Eleusinian and Bacchic Mysteries; A Dissertation by Thomas Taylor- Illustarted.
(Kindle Edition) Published September 24th by Evergreen Books. PDF Version (scanned original) A Dissertation on the Eleusinian and Bacchic Mysteries Εν ταις ΤΕΛΕΤΑΙΣ καθαρσεις ηγουνται και περιρραντηρια και αγνισμοι, α των εν απορρητοις δρωμενων, και της του θειου μετουσιας γυμνασματα εισιν.—Procli MS.
Com. in Plat.
Jul 01, · BACCHIC MYSTERIES. A DISSERTATION. BY. THOMAS TAYLOR, be fully convinced, from an attentive perusal of the following sheets; in which the secret meaning of the Eleusinian and Bacchic Mysteries is unfolded, from authority the most respectable, and from a philosophy of all others the most venerable and august.
speaking of the. This is Thomas Taylor's essay on the ancient initiation rituals of Eleusis and Bacchus. Taylor () was an English Neoplatonist who was the first to translate Aristotle and Plato into English.
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BACCHIC MYSTERIES A DISSERTATION BY THOMAS TAYLOR EDITED, WITH INTRODUCTION, NOTES, EMENDATIONS, AND GLOSSARY, BY ALEXANDER WILDER The Eleusinian and Bacchic Mysteries by Thomas Taylor.
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